Wisdom Teeth Removal: What to Expect
Tooth extraction is not a new concept in dentistry. It has often been used as a treatment measure for different oral situations. For the most part, people are aware of tooth extraction concerning a decayed tooth. When a tooth is severely decayed, there is more damage done in retaining the original tooth than in removing it.
Even then, tooth extraction is not only about decayed teeth. Wisdom teeth removal in Auburn, AL, is a treatment offered to patients who have problematic wisdom teeth.
Why Do You Need Your Wisdom Tooth Removed?
Wisdom teeth grow at the far back of the mouth. They are the 3rd set of molars that adults have. They grow between the ages of 17-25 years. Having them provided more chewing surfaces for patients. However, people can want teeth removed because of several reasons, such as the following:
- Decayed wisdom teeth – given that they grow at the far back of the mouth, people are not as observant to clean them properly. Thoroughly brushing around that area is difficult, not to mention flossing. If they decay and have a cavity, they can make chewing and even swallowing problematic. If the decay is not too severe, dental sealants can be used to protect the surface of the molars. Even then, some patients still opt for the extraction of the teeth.
- Gum disease – if the wisdom teeth are in bad shape due to poor oral hygiene, you may get an infection on your gums due to plaque buildup.
- They grow wrongly – wisdom teeth can grow in the wrong angle. If they are pressing on other teeth, they can cause other oral problems. Such patients end up having misaligned teeth, mainly if the teeth are left in the wrong angle for too long.
- Your mouth is not big enough for a new set of teeth – if you already have big teeth for your jaw, adding a new set of molars is not helpful. It can result in a crowded mouth that is not aesthetically pleasing.
What to Expect During The Extraction Process
Before your treatment begins, your dentist has to examine the state of your teeth thoroughly. The first thing is to identify the main reason you want your wisdom tooth removed. Whether or not it is necessary for its removal will depend on the dental examination by your dentist. If you are good to proceed with the tooth extraction, there are a few steps you should expect.
- Local anesthesia – your oral surgeon or dentist has to inject local anesthesia at the site of the molars. The local anesthesia should numb your mouth, particularly in the area of operation. This will control any pain and discomfort that comes with extracting a tooth.
- Nitrous sedative – tooth extraction is a process that gets most patients feeling nervous. Since the dentist will require that you are relaxed and comfortable through the experience, a nitrous sedative may be used. The role of this sedative is to relax your body and mind. However, you will still be conscious and aware of your surroundings throughout the process.
- General anesthesia – in some cases, the surgeon recommends the use of general anesthesia. This sedation will keep you asleep during the procedure. This is particularly important for patients who can be uneasy with the process.
- Cutting gums open – for proper removal of the wisdom tooth, the oral surgeon might have to cut through your gums. This will help expose the tooth to its root. It is primary to do so to ensure the adjacent molar teeth are not tampered with during the process.
- Stitching – since an opening has been made through your gums and bones to the tooth’s root, stitching is necessary. It involves stitching the wounds to close them up and allow for quick healing. It is also a way to help control bleeding in the area.
- Gauze pads – once the procedure is done, you may notice a gauze pad on the affected area. It is important not to remove the gauze because it helps control the bleeding. Besides, it allows for the formation of a blood clot, which is the initial step to healing.